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Business and the Holocaust
Historical Media Reports

Copyright, 1921, by The New York Times Company.
Unedited Full Text. Used by permission.

New York Times May 27, 1921; page 24


JEWS IGNORE FORD ATTACKS ON RACE

Praise American Press and People for Resisting Attempts to Stir Up Prejudice


ASK EQUAL RIGHTS FOR ALL


Union of Hebrew Congregations and Federation of Temple Sisterhoods Elect New Officers.

Special to The New York Times.
BUFFALO, N.Y., May 26.-Beyond adoption of a resolution praising the press, clergy and representative citizens of this country for resisting attempts to stir up race prejudice and hatred in America, delegates to the conventions of the Union of American Hebrew Congregations and the National Federation of Temple Sisterhoods took no action today on the attacks made against the Jewish race by Henry Ford. His name and the name of his publication were ignored during the discussion.

The question of recent laws restricting immigration was also settled by the conference in a passive manner. No reference was made to the Jews in the resolution adopted in relation to this legislation. The congregations and sisterhoods contented themselves with expressing the hope that America would soon return to is historic policy of welcoming all immigrants who are mentally, physcially and morally sound and in sympathy with our Government.

Further resolutions urging the American Government to insist upon equal rights for people throughout the world and particularly the millions of suffering Jews in Eastern Europe, recommending that the Government refuse recognition to countries unless they guarantee to grant equal civil and religious rights regardless of creed or race, and expressing regret at the death of Cardinal Gibbons were adopted before the close of the joint conferences this morning.

At the close of the general convention the newly-elected executive board met in the Lafayette Hotel and elected officers for the two organizations. New York CIty was chosen for the next convention to be held in 1923.

The resolution for the protection of the Jew against anti-Semitism in this country and abroad was presented by Max J. Kohler, of New York, chairman of the committee on legislation appointed at the beginning of the sessions mainly to consider the problems of anti-Semitism and immigration laws. It read:

"The Union of American Hebrew Congregations, in convention assembled, views with gratification the unanimity with which the public press and the churches of the United States have condemned recent anti- Jewish aspersions and representative fellow-citizens have protested against these un-American attempts to stir up prejudice and hatred."

Libel Resolution Rejected.

The assembly rejected a resolution designed to urge enactment of laws which would make it criminal to libel groups of persons representing any creed or race. The resolution also included a request that Jews be granted special privileges in states where blue laws are in force.

Many delegates spoke against the resolution. Among them was Rabbi Leo M. Franklin of Detroit, formerly a personal friend of Henry Ford. He said that were such a law enacted there would be great difficulty in proving an act of libel, and all newspapers would be injured by the operation of the law.

"A publication which I have in mind, and which has been making an attack upon our people, is exceedingly careful to have all of its copy pertaining to us edited by a staff of attorneys," Rabbi Franklin said. "These men comb every word of every article published to safeguard the paper against libel."

Regarding the immigration laws this resolution was adopted:

"The immigration law, just passed in terms of an emergency measure and temporary in character, was enacted by reason of an economic condition here and abroad. We express the hope that early improvement will induce Congress soon to return to our historic American policy of welcoming all immigrants asking to enter the country who are physically, mentally and morally sound and in sympathy with our Government and their institutions, and are not likely to become public charges. We heartily commend the indefatigable and untiring interest of the venerable Chairman of the Board of Civil Rights."

The resolution referring to equal rights for the people throughout the world being insisted upon the Government of the United States read:

"The indescribable suffering of the millions of our co-religionists abroad, particularly in Eastern Europe, has brought profound grief to all civilization, while much of this is due to horrible economic conditions caused by the war, in which our co-religionists patriotically did more than their full share for their respective countries, much is caused by lawlessness, individual and governmental, and by brutal religious intolerance, particularly in the countries which commonly belong to the Russian Empire. Often these persecutions have been carried on in the face of equal civil religious and political rights, regardless of race or creed, for the insersion of which in peace treaties our beloved Government was primarily responsible.

"We urge that our Government continue to be untiring in their efforts to remove these blots upon civilization, and recommend that this resolution be brought to the attention of the Government authorities by the Board of Delegates on Civil Rights."

Asks Equal Rights Guarantees.

A second resolution read:

"It is recommended that no recognition should be given by the people of these States unless guarantees are secured that shall evidence the good faith of the country recognized in pledging themselves to respect the principle of equal rights of all citizens."

A resolution providing for appointment of a committee to unify the music service in the reformed synagogues was adopted.

Officers of the Union of American Hebrew Congregations were elected as follows:

J. Walter Freiberg, Cincinnati, President; Charles Shohl, Cincinnati, First Vice President; Julius Rosenwald, Chicago, Second Vice President; I. W. Bernheim, Louisville, Third Vice President; Ludwig Vogelstein, New York, Fourth Vice President; Jacob L. Moors, Boston, Fifth Vice President; Rabbi George Seipen, Cincinnati, Secretary; Rabbi Jacob D. Schwarz, Cincinnati, Assistant Secretary.

These are the officers of the National Federation of Temple Sisterhoods:

Mrs. Abram Simon, Washington, Honorary President; Mrs. Joseph Wiesenfold, Baltimore, President; Mrs. J. Walter Freiberg, Cincinnati, First Vice President; Mrs. Israel Cohen, Chicago, Second Vice President; Mrs. Leon Goodman, Louisville, Third Vice President; Mrs. Henry Nathan, Buffalo, Fourth Vice President; Mrs. Ben Loewenstein, Cincinnati, Recording Secretary; Mrs. Benjamin M. Englehard, Chicago, Treasurer; Rabbi George Zelin, Cincinnati, Executive Secretary.

Members of the Executive Committee of the union elected for the two ensuing years are:

Isaac W. Bernheim, Louisville; Alfred M. Cohen, Cincinnati; Judge Josiah Cohen, Pittsburgh; Dr. David We. Edelman, Los Angeles; J. Walter Freiberg, Cincinnati; Albert L. Levi, Brookly; Bauch Mahler, Clevelnd; William Ornstein, Cincinnati; Marcus Raih, Pittsburgh; Sigmund Rheinstrom, Cincinnati; Norris Rosenberg, Washington; Julius Rosenwald, Chicago; A.L. Satizstein, Milwaukee; Louis Schlesinger, Newark; Isaac Schoen, Atlanta; Charles Shohl, Cincinnati; Samuel Straus, Cincinnati; Joseph Wiesenfeld, Baltimore; Adolf Wolfe, Portland, Ore.; Herbert Oettinger, Cincinnati; I. Newton Trager, Cincinnati; A. Leo Weil, Pittsburgh; Horace Stein, Philadelphia; Sigmund Kohlman, New Orleans; Aaron Waldman, St. Louis; Felix M. Warburg, New York; Morris H. Rothchild and Isaac M. Ullman, New Haven; Henry Oppenheimer, Baltimore; Edgar M. Kahn, New Orleans; E. Meissher, St. Louis.

Dr. Kaufman Kohler, recently retired as President of the Hebrew Union College, was unanimously chosen Honorary President.



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