JEWISH COMMITTEE HITS PROPAGANDISTS
Declares That "Protocols" Were Offered to Its Members for Suppression.
DOCUMENTS' ORIGIN TRACED
Insulting Reply Received by Protesters From Ford Publication, Says Report.
The American Jewish Committee in its report for 1920, made public
last night, devotes its major attention to recent anti-Jewish
propaganda in various parts of the world, with especial reference to
Henry Ford and his Dearborn Independent.
Referring to "the spurious protocols of the Wise Men of Zion," the
report says that the committee had been aware of the existence of
this document for some time before its publication in England.
"It was offered to some members of the committee in expectation that
they would pay for its suppression," says the report. "In February,
1920, the document was published in England anonymously under the
title 'The Jewish Peril,' and similar editions appeared in Germany,
France, Italy, Denmark and Spain. In spite of the fact that
authorities on Russian history and literature have clearly shown that
the protocols are flagrant fabrications invented for counter-
revolutionary propaganda in Russia and that they were recently
employed by officers of General Denikine to stigmatize the Bolshevist
revolution as a purely Jewish movement, an elaborate edition of this
forgery appeared recently in the United States. Copies of it were
anonymously circulated among members of Congress, publications,
Christian ministers and men otherwise prominent in public life."
After telling of the appearance of a series of articles based on the
"forged protocols," the report says that Louis Marshall, President of
the committee telegraphed a protest to Mr. Ford and received an
insulting reply from the Dearborn Publishing Company.
The report then turns to an account of how The London Morning Post
published a series of anonymous articles under the title "The Cause
of the World Unrest," which sought to link the Jews with the
Freemasons in a world-wide conspiracy against Christian civilization,
how they were denied by "the most competent authorities on
Freemasonary," yet how they were reprinted in book form in England
and subsequently appeared in book form in this country from the press
of G.P. Putnam & Sons with an introduction by the editor of The
London Morning Post and an announcement that the protocols would be
"On Oct. 13," the report continues, "Mr. Marshall wrote to Major
George Haven Putnam, head of the publishing firm, protesting in strong
terms against these publications, and expressing his shock that the
honored name of the Putnam firm should be made the vehicle of
disseminating among the American people these outpourings of malice,
intolerance and hatred, this witches broth of virulent poison."
"On Oct. 15 Major Putnam wrote a long and equiviocating letter to Mr.
Marshall. 'It is evident,' he said, 'that the document has no
voucher for authenticity, and it is quite possible that it will be
found to possess no historic importance.' Further on, however he
said that the books did not accuse the whole Jewish race of a
conspiracy, but only those elements who were pro-Bolshevist, and to
whom the Jews as well as the Christians should be opposed. In reply
to this letter Mr. Marshall denied the accusation that the Jews are
in preponderance in the Bolshevist movement. 'To say,' wrote Mr.
Marshall, 'that Bolshevism is a Jewish movement is as ridiculous as
to say that the Jews are responsible for capitalism or because there
are Jewish musicians, actors and poets, that music, the drama and
poetry are Jewish movements.' On Nov. 1 Major Putnam wrote to Mr.
Marshall that his frim had decided not to publish the Protocols. * * *
"In the meantime the committee has been studying the problem and
tracing the origin of the Protocols and the use that had been made of
them in the various countries. A well-known writer was encouraged to
prepare a book to serve as a reasoned and conclusive answer to these
slanders. The manuscript of this book is now practically complete
and its publication is expected within a few weeks."