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Rabbi Leo Franklin
played a major role in whatever meager attempts Liebold made in halting
circulation of The International Jew. Whenever a new edition of the work
appeared, Franklin was quick to notify the Ford Company and diligently
request that action be taken. However, Liebold acted very slowly, if at
all, in complying with the rabbi's requests. In 1933, Franklin was able
to convince Ford that an official statement reiterating his 1927 disassociation
from The International Jew was necessary to combat its distribution. After
agreeing to this, however, Ford promptly changed his mind. He had Liebold
write back to Franklin and explain that, while sympathetic, he did not
care to sign the prepared statement that Franklin had sent to his office.229
Ford did not formally issue a statement concerning the matter until four
years later, when Liebold sent a prepared notice to Untermeyer then president
of The Non-Sectarian Anti-Nazi League. In the statement, Liebold wrote
that a German edition of The International Jew "erroneously refers to Mr.
Ford as its author" and that steps would be taken to prevent further misuse
of his name.230 The statement, however,
received little attention and, in any event, could not curb the damage
that had been already been done.
It was not just
overseas that The International Jew was being distributed. It was widely
available in the United States from such fascist organizations as The German-American
Bund, The Defenders of Faith, The National Workers League, and The Silver
Shirts of America. In 1938, investigator John Roy Carison found copies
of the book sold at Conrad K. Grieb's American Review Bookstore in New
York. "Six dollars for the set is a very good buy," boasted the salesman,
who sold the book alongside fascist publications from Germany, France,
and England.231 World Service, the Nazi
bulletin published in Erfurt, Germany, offered German imports and referred
to the British Imperial Fascist League for English translations. Passages
from The International Jew were even quoted by Pennsylvania Congressman,
and Silver Shirt sympathizer, Louis T. McFadden on the floor of the House.232
Also making the
rounds during this period were The Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion.
Detroit's famous anti-Semitic priest, Charles Coughlin, said of them, "Yes,
the Jews have always claimed that The Protocols were forgeries, but I prefer
the words of Henry Ford, who said, 'The best truth of The Protocols is
the fact that up to the present minute they have been carried out.' Mr.
Ford did retract his accusations against the Jews. But neither Mr. Ford
nor I will retract the statement that many of the events predicted in The
Protocols have come to pass. "233 The Protocols
also received wide distribution through the efforts of The Dearborn Independent's
former editor, William J. Cameron.
Cameron had changed
quite a bit since beginning his tenure at Ford. The former minister now
firmly believed the accusations that he had written about the Jews throughout
the 1920's. When Ford made his 1927 apology, Cameron told an acquaintance,
"I don't know yet what I am going to do, but it is certain that I for my
part will never make any retraction. What I have written will stand. Not
one thing will I take back. You can be sure of that."234
Cameron became the first president of the Anglo-Saxon Federation of America
and published the anti-Semitic Destiny magazine, which recycled many of
the accusations of The Dearborn Independent. The Anglo-Saxons believed
that they were the "true" sons of Israel. Hieroglyphics on the Great Pyramid
in Egypt supposedly proclaimed that the lost 10 tribes of Israel had wandered
all over Europe and eventually settled in what became the Anglo-Saxon countries-
namely The British Isles. It was their belief that Jesus was not a Jew,
but an Anglo-Saxon-Celtic-Israeli.235 In
addition to Destiny and The Protocols, the Anglo-Saxons published pamphlets
addressing "The Jewish Question." In the meantime, Cameron still maintained
full employment at the Ford Company as its chief spokesman and commentator
for the Ford Sunday Evening Hour radio show.
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229. Gelderman, 236.
230. New York Times, 7 January 1937, 44.
231. Carison, 205.
232. Sachar, 465.
233. Lee, 106.
234. Ludecke, 314.
235. Carison, 208.