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that began to pour out of Dearborn were, not surprisingly, quite remarkable
for their bizarre accusations. According to Ford and his lackeys, the Jews
were responsible for everything that was wrong with society. A look at
some of the article titles gives a good indication of their content: "The
Scope of the Jewish Dictatorship in the U.S.," "When Editors were Independent
of Jews," "The Jewish Element in Bootlegging Evil," "Jewish Hot-Beds of
Bolshevism in the U.S.," "Jewish Power and America's Money Famine," "Jewish
Degradation of American Baseball," "Jew Wires Direct Tammany's Gentile
Puppets," "Dr. Levy, a Jew, Admits his People's Error;" "Will Jewish Zionism
According to the Independent,
Jews concocted "nigger gin" that led to "Negro outbursts and subsequent
lynchings."53 It was the Jews who were bootlegging the liquor
during the current prohibition. Jewish professors were the ones who corrupted
"Anglo-Saxon" minds at college. Jewish film producers saw nothing wrong
with making lewd "sex" films: "This Oriental view is essentially different
from the Anglo-Saxon, the American view." 54
Jazz, "moron music," was actually derived from Jews: "The mush, the slush,
the sly suggestion, the abandoned sensuousness of sliding notes, are of
Jewish origin."55 Songwriters such as Irving
Berlin were a threat to listening audiences, because "Jews did not create
the popular song; they debased it."56 The
Jews ruined baseball because "The Jew saw money where the sportsman saw
fun and skill."57 Jews themselves were
poor in sports because of "physical lethargy"; "It is a Jewish characteristic
to avoid, if possible, the pain of contest, just as it is characteristic
to avoid unnecessary effort."58 This was
proven with the example of boxer Benny Leonard. Leonard had no scars because
"he will not let anyone hit him."59 According
to the Independent, the Jews were responsible for everything from flashy
jewelry and short skirts to rising rents and the manufacture of cigarettes.
Ford and his paper offered
quite an interesting history lesson for a man who thought the American
Revolution had occurred in 1812. Christopher Columbus was actually financed
and later betrayed by "secret Jews" from the Spanish Court. Benedict Arnold
had been "set up" to betray his country by a Jewish aid named David Franks.
The World War and the Bolshevik Revolution had both been precipitated and
directed by Jews. The Soviet Union was referred to as "the present Jewish
government of Russia."
This Jewish conspiracy against the world flourished, according to the
Independent, because people could not see how it could exist. Ford was
trying to wake up the "boob Gentiles" in an effort to save America from
Jewish domination. In order to prove that these things existed, the paper
would precede many of the articles with a "Protocol" similar to what was
being described. This proved that the Jews were conspiring to make slaves
of Christianity and gain world domination, because it had all been adumbrated
by The Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion.
The Dearborn Independent articles made a point of slandering individual
Jews by name. For example, Bernard M. Baruch was labeled the "Pro-Consul
of Judah in America," a "Jew of superpower" who took a leading role in
Jewish activities to bring America's downfall. When reporters asked Baruch
to comment on the charges, he replied, tongue in cheek, "Now boys, you
wouldn't expect me to deny them would you?"60
Other Jews did
not have the opportunity to be as flippant. For example, exArmy Captain
Robert Rosenbluth was accused by the Independent of murdering Maj. Alexander
Pennington Cronkite in 1918. The army had officially ruled Cronkite's death
to have been a tragic accident. Rosenbluth, in the meantime, had gone to
work for Hoover's American Relief Administration throughout Europe and
Russia. However; when the Independent discovered that Rosenbluth had been
present when Cronkite was killed, it labeled him both a "dirty German Jew
spy" and, in light of his Russian service, a Bolshevist agent. As a result
of a steady stream of articles in Ford's paper; Rosenbluth was put on trial
by the Justice Department. He was eventually cleared of all charges, but,
in the mean time, had been labeled the "American Dreyfus" by the press.61
Some Jews responded
to the ridiculous charges with legal suits. In February of 1921, theatre
producer Morris Gest filed a $5,000,000 damage suit against Ford for an
article which had referred to him as "a Russian Jew who has produced the
most salacious spectacles ever shown in America," and which accused him
of abandoning his Russian parents. Mr. Gest was livid, saying to the press,
"I'll make that Peace Ship Henry pay dearly for what he said, and more,
I'll make him eat his own words."62 In
an official response, Liebold responded simply, "Mr. Gest will be ignored."63
The suit was eventually abandoned.
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53. The Dearborn Independent, The International Jew Vol. 4 (1923),29.
54. The Dearborn Independent, The International Jew Vol. 2 (1923), 117.
55. Ford, Henry. The International Jew, 163.
56. Ibid., 165.
57. The Dearborn Independent, The International Jew Vol. 3 (1923), 39.
58. The International Jew Vol. 3, 52.
60. Lewis, 139.
61. Gene Smith, "The American Dreyfus," American Heritage (November
62. New York Times, 2 February 1921, 17.
63. New York Times, 3 February 1921, 3.