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Business and the Holocaust
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Media Reports - 2000
by order of most recent date:

  • BBC News | EUROPE | Germany struggles with neo-Nazi websites
    By the BBC's Europe business correspondent Patrick Bartlett
    Germany's Interior Minister, Otto Schily, says 90% of foreign-based neo-Nazi websites are set up in the United States, where they're protected by American freedom of speech laws.
    Friday, 22 December, 2000, 13:48 GMT
    Company names appearing in this article are:
    • Yahoo!

  • BBC News | EUROPE | Yahoo hits back at Nazi ruling
    One of the world's biggest internet service providers, Yahoo, says a French court ruling to prevent people in France gaining access to websites offering Nazi memorabilia for sale will be almost impossible to enforce.
    Tuesday, 21 November, 2000, 01:19 GMT
    Company names appearing in this article are:
    • Yahoo!

  • The Secret (Insurance) Agent Men
    by Mark Fritz
    Los Angeles Times
    September 22, 2000
    American insurance companies had been competing furiously for overseas business even after the United States entered the war, and the OSS files suggest that details about U.S. factories and cities were falling into enemy hands because of the interlocking international relationships among insurance companies.
    The documents also said that two New York insurance executives, Cecil Stewart and Stewart Hopps, also came under scrutiny for selling war insurance to strategic U.S. industries and reselling some of the risk to Latin American affiliates linked to Nazi insurers. The men also ran a steamship company that chartered tankers for Royal Dutch Shell, a Nazi collaborator that used [Adolf Hitler]'s slave laborers.
    When the tide of the war began to turn and German insurers began losing money, the U.S. insurance agents learned that Nazi insurers were pleading for peace. A source in Stockholm revealed in late 1943 that insurers advised Hitler's people that "ruin threatens all life and fire insurance companies in Germany." WWII unit gathered underwriters’ data, such as bomb plant blueprints, from warring nations, declassified U.S. files show.

    Company names appearing in this article are:
    • American International Group (USA)
    • Munich Re Group (Germany)
    • Royal Dutch Shell (Netherlands)
    • Swiss Reinsurance (Switzerland)

    See [PDF] Under Cover
    The traditional image of the insurance agent made perfect cover. Who would ever suspect that boring drone of a bureaucrat was a spy?
    by Mark Fritz
    American Academy of Actuaries: Contingencies Magazine
    May/June 2001
    Company names appearing in this article are:
    • American International Group (USA)
    • Munich Re Group (Germany)
    • Royal Dutch Shell (Netherlands)
    • Swiss Reinsurance (Switzerland)
    *Adobe Acrobat Reader is required to view PDF files. A free download may be found at http://get.adobe.com/reader/

  • BBC News | EUROPE | Swiss firms meet slave labour deadline
    Swiss firms have been complying with a Friday deadline set by a judge in the United States to declare whether or not they benefited from slave labour during World War II. It is now believed at least 11,000 slave labourers were employed by Swiss companies with affiliates in Nazi Germany.
    Some of the companies using slave labour remain among the most famous in Switzerland - for example engineering firm Brown Boveri, or food giant Nestle, whose German affiliate Maggi replaced the swastika flying over its factory with the Swiss flag just hours before the arrival of allied forces in 1944.
    Friday, 25 August, 2000
    Company names appearing in this article are:
    • ABB Ltd. (Brown Boveri & Cie, AG ("BBC")
    • Nestlé S.A. (Nestle) (Switzerland)

  • BBC News | UK | Selling a dark past
    Nazi auctions: Historical interest or dudious trade?
    Friday, 11 August, 2000, 14:40 GMT 15:40 UK
    Company names appearing in this article are:
    • Christie's (UK)
    • eBay, Inc.
    • Yahoo! Inc.

  • BBC News | EUROPE | Analysis: French court tackles the internet
    By BBC News Online's Tarik Kafala
    A court in Paris on Friday deferred its decision on a landmark ruling on the regulation of the internet.
    Friday, 11 August, 2000, 14:17 GMT 15:17 UK
    Company names appearing in this article are:
    • Yahoo!

  • BBC News | EUROPE | Swiss bank exploited Nazi slaves
    One of the world's biggest banks, UBS, admits for the first time that it exploited Nazi slave labourers from Auschwitz during World War II. It is the first time the bank, which prevented Holocaust survivors and their families from retrieving their wartime assets, has admitted exploiting slave labour.
    Monday, 7 August, 2000
    Company names appearing in this article are:
    • UBS (Union Bank of Switzerland)
    • Credit Suisse Group (Switzerland)
    • Nestlé S.A. (Nestle) (Switzerland)
    • Roche Holding AG now known as Roche Group (Switzerland)
    • Novartis AG (Switzerland)

  • IOM - Holocaust Victim Assets Programme
    International Organization for Migration - Holocaust Victim Assets Programme
    Slave Labour Class II List
    Claimants who plausibly demonstrate that they performed slave labour for one or more of the companies on the Slave Labour Class II List are eligible for compensation.
    Each company appearing on the list meets the following criteria:
    • (a) it timely identified itself to the Special Master as required by the Court's Order of 26 July 2000;
    • (b) it was Swiss-owned in whole or in part during the Nazi era; and
    • (c) it has provided the Special Master with names of persons believed possibly to have been slave labourers, or it has represented that such names are unavailable despite diligent investigation.
    A company's appearance on the Slave Labour Class II List does not necessarily mean that it used slave labourers.
    Slave Labour Class II List organized by parent company:
    • ABB Ltd. (Brown Boveri & Cie, AG (BBC), Germany; Österreichische Brown Boveri Werke, Vienna, Austria)
    • Albers & Co.
    • Algroup/Alusuisse Group AG (ALIG) previous to that known as Swiss Aluminium Industrie AG (AIAG), now owned by Alcan, Inc. as of year 2000 (Canada)
    • Bucher Industries
    • Bühler AG
    • Ciba Specialty Chemicals Holding Inc. (Ciba-Geigy Limited; Ciba AG; J.R. Geigy AG) Now Novartis AG (Switzerland)
    • Clariant AG Now Novartis AG (Switzerland)
    • Danzas Holding AG
    • GABA Holding (DOMA AG)
    • Georg Fischer AG
    • Hesta AG/Hesta Tex AG
    • Holderbank Financiére Glaris Ltd.
    • Lonza Group Ltd.
    • Nestlé S.A. (Switzerland)
    • Novartis AG (Sandoz AG; Ciba AG; J.R. Geigy AG, Durand Huguenin AG; Wander AG) (Switzerland)
    • Robt. Schwarzenbach & Co. AG
    • Roche Holding AG now known as Roche Group (Switzerland)
    • Schindler Holding Ltd. (Schindler Management Ltd.)
    • Sefar Holding, Inc.
    • Sihl AG
    • Sika Finanz AG
    • Stehli Seiden
    • Stromeyer & Co.
    • Sulzer AG (Gebrüder Sulzer)
    • Unaxis Holding AG (Werkzeugmaschinenfabrik Oerlikon AG)
    • Villiger Söhne Holding AG
    • Von Roll Holding Ltd. (Gesellschaft der Ludw. Von Roll'schen Eisenwerker AG

  • A Fund Is Planned By U.S. Companies For Nazis' Victims
    April 29, 2000, Saturday
    By JOSEPH KAHN (NYT); Foreign Desk
    The New York Times
    Several American companies that had factories in Nazi Germany will set up fund under auspices of US Chamber of Commerce to aid people who suffered persecution under Hitler; aim is at least in part to head off lawsuits; Clinton administration has pressed for fund to help aging survivors; Deputy Sec Stuart Eizenstat comments; at least 50 American companies operated factories in Nazi Germany; most were nationalized after 1941, but were returned just after war; some companies received dividends or benefited from forced labor...

    Ford, General Motors, Exxon-Mobil and Kodak are among a growing number of American multinationals that say they have found evidence that their subsidiaries used forced labor during those years.
    Company names appearing in this article are:
    • Eastman Kodak Company (USA)
    • Exxon Mobil Corporation (USA)
    • Ford Motor Company (USA)
    • General Motors Corporation (USA)

  • AJC Ad Calls On Booksellers to Stop Marketing Notorious Anti-Semitic Forgery
    April 18, 2000
    The American Jewish Committee
    - NEW YORK -- The American Jewish Committee, in a New York Times ad today, criticizes major booksellers for selling the notorious anti-Semitic forgery, The Protocols of the Elders of Zion, and urges them to not market hate material.

    "By peddling the Protocols, Amazon.com and Barnes & Noble are saying, in effect, that this is just another book – another valid competitor in the marketplace of ideas. That's what hate groups want you to believe. But ethically and factually - even in their distortion of constitutional principles, they're wrong," says the American Jewish Committee in the ad that appears on the op-ed page of the Times.

    JC points out in the ad that the Protocols is "the most bloodstained volume in modern history," having inspired the destruction of European Jewry and become a staple of hate groups around the world.

    The main U.S. publishers of the Protocols editions offered by these booksellers are Noontide Press - once linked to the racist and anti-Semitic Liberty Lobby and now the printing arm of the so-called Institute for Historical Review, the main organ of Holocaust denial worldwide - and Book Tree Press, supplier of an array of extremist materials.

    "Reputable booksellers exercise discretion in what to place on their shelves, real or virtual," says AJC. "By abandoning that discretion, Amazon.com, Barnes & Noble, and other book marketers, such as Borders and Alibris.com, reward hate publishers and validate their contemptible product."

    "Every volume sold, on-line and in the book superstores, helps these publishers propagate hate," states the AJC ad. "Hate doesn't need the help, and major corporations shouldn't provide it."

    AJC also points out that adding "warning labels" on the booksellers' web site pages featuring the Protocols "does not free them from responsibility for marketing hate."

    Today's ad comes four weeks after AJC President Bruce M. Ramer and Executive Director David A. Harris wrote letters to the CEOs of Amazon.com, Barnes & Noble, and Borders, urging them to stop offering the Protocols for sale.

    Company names appearing in this article are:
    • Alibris.com (USA)
    • Amazon.com, Inc. (USA)
    • Barnes & Noble, Inc. (USA)
    • Borders Group, Inc. (USA)

  • AJC Urges Barnes and Noble To Stop Selling Notorious Anti-Semitic Book
    March 21, 2000
    The American Jewish Committee
    - NEW YORK -- The American Jewish Committee today urged Barnes and Noble to stop offering for sale the notorious anti-Semitic forgery, The Protocols of the Elders of Zion.

    "While you certainly have the right to distribute this book, you also have the right not to. We ask that you choose not to sell this book," wrote American Jewish Committee President Bruce M. Ramer and Executive Director David A. Harris in a letter to Leonard Riggio, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Barnes and Noble.

    Noting that The Protocols "is a main staple of anti-Semitic movements around the world," the AJC leaders asked Barnes and Noble "to consider whether you should be promoting hate literature."

    The AJC letter also pointed out that one of the versions of The Protocols offered by Barnes and Noble is printed by Noontide Press, the printing arm of Willis Carto’s empire, which espouses bare-knuckled racism and anti-Semitism, as well as promotes Holocaust denial and the military movement.

    The other version is published by The Book Tree, which also markets an array of anti-Semitic and conspiracy-driven materials.

    "Your sale of these materials indirectly adds to the coffers of hate groups," the AJC leaders advised Barnes and Noble.

    Company names appearing in this article are:
    • Barnes & Noble, Inc. (USA)

  • Ford and the Fuhrer
    by Ken Silverstein
    New Documents Reveal the Close Ties Between Dearborn and the Nazis.
    The Nation - January 24, 2000
    Company names appearing in this article are:
    • Ford Motor Company

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